April 30, 1999, No. 82-ФЗ, Federal Law “On the Guarantees of the Rights of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the Russian Federation”
20 July, 2000, Но. 104-FZ, Federal Law “On General Principles of Organization the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples’ Communities of the North, Siberia and Far East of the Russian Federation”
May 7, 2001, No. 49-FZ, Federal Law “On Territories of Traditional Land Use
of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and The Far East of the Russian Federation”
(date of update – 05.09.2017) /
The Russian national law is quite specific, diverse and, at the same time, very fragmented with regard to the rights and interests of indigenous peoples. There are many laws and normative legal acts affecting various aspects of life and activities of indigenous communities and their representatives. The norms set forth in the documents (federal and regional laws, by-laws, acts of municipal bodies, judgments of Supreme and Constitutional courts) need qualitative comprehension, adaptation and additional interpretation. Moreover, the norms of federal laws are being updated regularly, certain articles are no longer valid, new norms are emerging. It is not easy to follow all the updates in view of specifics of the Russian legislation. The lack of translations of Russian legal acts in the field of indigenous peoples’ rights is also to be mentioned in this regard.
The specialists of Arctic Centre for Strategic Studies and UArctic Research Office (Northern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangelsk) translated three basic federal laws on the rights of indigenous peoples of the Russian Federation into English. There are laws on guarantees of the rights of indigenous small-numbered peoples, on indigenous communities, on territories of traditional land use and management. The commentaries to three laws are made by Maksim Zadorin, lawyer and expert on the legal issues of Arctic development of the Arctic Centre for Strategic Studies. The translation of federal laws and comments was carried out by the MA students Ksenia Vezhlivtseva and Daria Antufieva under the supervision of Olga Klisheva, the UArctic Research Office manager.
We are very grateful to Timo Koivurova, Director of the Arctic Centre of Lapland University, Rovaniemi, UArctic Thematic Network “Arctic Law” and our Finnish colleagues who unanimously supported this idea.
We are sure that the materials presented in this issue will help the English-speaking researchers and law specialists to clarify some specific details concerning legislation and public administration in Russia.
Arctic Centre for Strategic Studies
& UArctic Research Office Team (NArFU, Arkhangelsk, Russia)
Law on communities, Federal, Law on Guarantees, Law on territories of traditional nature use, TTP, Russian, Narfu, UArctic, University of Lapland